How to Build in Drupal 8: Blocks

Blocks play an integral role in how content is managed in Drupal 8 and how users move content within the content management system (CMS). Developers can render these content boxes into different areas on a web page, such as rendering a User Login box on a sidebar. Developers can use standard blocks, or they can customize blocks to fit their needs. It just requires applying some effective strategies to build blocks to streamline the process. Here’s how:

1. Create a Module Skeleton

Before developers begin adding a block, they need to prepare by creating a module skeleton. The module skeleton includes a .info.yml file and a module folder. With this file and folder, Drupal developers can speed up development and administration tasks by using the command interface drush and activate the Extend administration page directly. Drupal developers can also use the file and folder to view the module in the Extend administration page, too. First, developers need to name their module following the standard rules for choosing a machine name. This includes forgoing spaces, limit letters to lowercase-letters and choosing unique names. The name should also begin with a letter and should avoid reserved terms, such as “Drupal” or “templates.” The developer should then create the module folder within Drupal and then creating a .info.yml file to notify Drupal about the module folder.

2. Select Custom Block Library to Start Creating a Custom Block

Under the Manage menu, developers should select Structure and click on Block Layout. The Block Layout section is the part section where developers can place blocks on their websites. They should then select Custom Block Library. The option to Add custom block should appear. Here, the developer can choose this option and then begin adding custom fields once the Add custom block page displays.

3. Fill out Labels

In the Block Description field, developers should enter the name of the block that they want to be displayed to administrators and users. For instance, if they want the block to show as “Who is Online?” they should name the block as Who is Online? block. The next field that developers should take time to fill out is the body of the block. This part of the block shows the content. For instance, developers can include the names of the people who are online in the body field of the block, such as the name of classmates currently online for an education-based website.

4. Save

After filling out the labels and fields, developers should click the Save button to save their content. This is the most important step of the process as it ensures that all the vital information for the custom block is stored securely for future use.

5. Edit

Developers can further customize their blocks by configuring their settings and editing their content. This requires following the same procedure as adding a custom block and navigating to the Custom Block Library. They must then select the Edit option to make any changes. Once a custom block is edited, the developer should save their changes before proceeding to another step.

Creating a block in Drupal 8 doesn’t have to be complicated as long as the developer follows a few steps. By following these steps, developers can manage their content and enhance usability and function of their websites. Developers can also take advantage of Drupal experts, such as Contegix, to enhance the deployment of their websites. Contegix makes it easy to for developers to deploy their Drupal sites using its collection of Drupal deployment tools. Developers can also take advantage of Contegix to host their Drupal sites.